Category: Research Updates

New Sequencing Approach Offers Insight on Microbiomes in Changing Environments

New Sequencing Approach Offers Insight on Microbiomes in Changing Environments

By Jennifer Tsang Microbial communities have been evolving with their host environments for millions of years, whether that be inside the human body, in soil, or in the ocean. With the advent of rapid DNA sequencing, researchers have been able to identify organisms and genes present in these microbial communities. But it is often difficult

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A Beautiful Cell-Division Movie from the Shribak Lab | @MullinsLab

A Beautiful Cell-Division Movie from the Shribak Lab | @MullinsLab

Here’s a (widely circulated!) shout-out to MBL scientist Michael Shribak’s OI-DIC microscope from Dyche Mullins of University of California, San Francisco (and former MBL Physiology course co-director). For no particular reason, here is a beautiful movie of meiosis in a crane fly (Nephrotoma suturalis) spermatocyte, imaged by quantitative phase microscopy (OI-DIC microscope). I cribbed this

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Recent Deep-Sea Research from New MBL Scientist Emil Ruff

Recent Deep-Sea Research from New MBL Scientist Emil Ruff

Welcome to Emil Ruff, who has joined the Marine Biological Laboratory as an Assistant Scientist in the Ecosystems Center and the Bay Paul Center. The Ruff lab studies microbial life in deep-sea ecosystems, where light doesn’t penetrate and energy is scarce. To thrive in this environment, most microbes collaborate and develop complex food webs. The

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Team Digs Deep to Discover if Viral Infections in Plants Affect Soil Carbon Storage

Team Digs Deep to Discover if Viral Infections in Plants Affect Soil Carbon Storage

MBL Senior Scientist Zoe Cardon has received a collaborative grant from the Department of Energy to study how viral infections in plants can affect the fate of the largest pool of organic carbon stored in soils: organic carbon bound to minerals. As carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations in the atmosphere continue to rise, driving further climate

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Improving Predictions of Soil Microbial Responses to Global Change

Improving Predictions of Soil Microbial Responses to Global Change

In most soil microbial communities, the controls on growth and metabolism are poorly understood and are simply too complex to be included in computer models of climate, soil fertility for agriculture, or waste management. To determine the principles by which soil microbial communities function under varying environmental constraints, development of a scalable biogeochemical modeling approach

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Team Seeks Link Between Massive RNA Recoding, Environmental Acclimation

Team Seeks Link Between Massive RNA Recoding, Environmental Acclimation

Octopus, squid, and cuttlefish are extraordinary animals in many ways. Although they are soft-bodied creatures related to sea slugs and clams, they engage in sophisticated behaviors that can eerily resemble vertebrate intelligence. In 2015, Joshua Rosenthal of the MBL, Eli Eisenberg of Tel Aviv University and colleagues discovered a striking trait in squid: They edit

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NSF Supports MBL Workshop on Innovations in Imaging and Computation

NSF Supports MBL Workshop on Innovations in Imaging and Computation

MBL Senior Scientist Rudolf Oldenbourg has received a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to co-present a national workshop on “Enabling Biological Discovery Through Innovations in Imaging and Computation.” The workshop will be held at the Marine Biological Laboratory on November 26-28, 2018. The agenda is here. The workshop was inspired by major transformations

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Long-Term Study of Oil Spill Impacts in Gulf of Mexico is Renewed

Long-Term Study of Oil Spill Impacts in Gulf of Mexico is Renewed

Anne Giblin, Interim Director of the MBL Ecosystems Center, has received funding for a study on “Oil Spills as Stressors in Coastal Marshes: The Legacy and the Future.” The grant is a sub-award from the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium (LUMCON), which has been tracking the effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion in the

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Why is the Rotifer Full of Foreign Genes? An MBL Team Investigates

Why is the Rotifer Full of Foreign Genes? An MBL Team Investigates

A decade ago, the MBL’s Irina Arkhipova and colleagues made the curious discovery that the bdelloid rotifer – a microscopic animal – has an abundance of foreign genes in its genome that it has acquired from bacteria, fungi, and plants. Typically, genes are transmitted vertically from parent to offspring, while in some cases organisms can

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